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The main wave count expected upwards movement, which is exactly how the short trading week has ended. The target remains the same.

Summary: The target for upwards movement is now 2,737. A new high above 2,674.78 would add confidence in an upwards swing. A bullish signal today from the both AD line and inverted VIX supports this. Price has again bounced up off support at both a trend line and the 200 day moving average. Expect support to hold until it is breached.

A new low below 2,585.89 would indicate downwards movement has one more low before it is done, and the target would be at 2,561 or 2,521. Bearish On Balance Volume supports this view.

Always practice good risk management. Always trade with stops and invest only 1-5% of equity on any one trade.

New updates to this analysis are in bold.

The biggest picture, Grand Super Cycle analysis, is here.

Last historic analysis with monthly charts is here. Video is here.

An alternate idea at the monthly chart level is given here at the end of this analysis.

An historic example of a cycle degree fifth wave is given at the end of the analysis here.



S&P 500 Weekly 2018
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Cycle wave V must complete as a five structure, which should look clear at the weekly chart level. It may only be an impulse or ending diagonal. At this stage, it is clear it is an impulse.

Within cycle wave V, the third waves at all degrees may only subdivide as impulses.

Intermediate wave (4) has breached an Elliott channel drawn using Elliott’s first technique. The channel is redrawn using Elliott’s second technique as if intermediate wave (4) was over at the first swing low within it. If intermediate wave (4) continues sideways, then the channel may be redrawn when it is over. The upper edge may provide resistance for intermediate wave (5).

Intermediate wave (4) may not move into intermediate wave (1) price territory below 2,193.81. However, it would be extremely likely to remain within the wider teal channel (copied over from the monthly chart) if it were to be reasonably deep. This channel contains the entire bull market since the low in March 2009, with only two small overshoots at the end of cycle wave IV. If this channel is breached, then the idea of cycle wave V continuing higher would be discarded well before the invalidation point is breached.

At this stage, it now looks like intermediate wave (4) may be continuing further sideways as a combination, triangle or flat. These three ideas are separated into separate daily charts. All three ideas would see intermediate wave (4) exhibit alternation in structure with the double zigzag of intermediate wave (2).

A double zigzag would also be possible for intermediate wave (4), but because intermediate wave (2) was a double zigzag this is the least likely structure for intermediate wave (4) to be. Alternation should be expected until price proves otherwise.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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This first daily chart looks at a triangle structure for intermediate wave (4). The triangle may be either a regular contracting or regular barrier triangle. Within the triangle, minor waves A, B and now C may be complete.

If intermediate wave (4) is a regular contracting triangle, the most common type, then minor wave D may not move beyond the end of minor wave B above 2,801.90. Minor wave D would be very likely to end about 0.80 to 0.85 the length of minor wave C.

If intermediate wave (4) is a regular barrier triangle, then minor wave D may end about the same level as minor wave B at 2,801.90. As long as the B-D trend line remains essentially flat a triangle will remain valid. In practice, this means the minor wave D can end slightly above 2,801.90 as this rule is subjective.

When a zigzag upwards for minor wave D is complete, then this wave count would expect a final smaller zigzag downwards for minor wave E, which would most likely fall reasonably short of the A-C trend line.

If this all takes a further four weeks to complete, then intermediate wave (4) may total a Fibonacci 13 weeks and would be just two weeks longer in duration than intermediate wave (2). There would be very good proportion between intermediate waves (2) and (4), which would give the wave count the right look.

The low yesterday has found support right on the A-C trend line. Triangles normally adhere well to their trend lines, and it is common for the trend lines to be tested within triangle sub-waves. This has a typical look.

It is possible that minor wave C is over as per the labelling on this daily chart and the first hourly chart below, but it is also possible that it could continue lower. An alternate hourly chart covers that possibility.

The best fit channel about minor wave C is redrawn to be as conservative as possible. It is copied over to the alternate hourly chart below.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
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Minor wave D within a triangle should subdivide into a simple A-B-C corrective structure, most likely a simple zigzag.

Some confidence in this wave count at the hourly chart level may be had if price makes a new high above 2,674.78.

Minute wave c must subdivide as a five wave structure. Because upwards movement for Thursday does not have support from volume it looks unlikely that minuette wave (iii) was over at Friday’s high. Minuette wave (iii) may be incomplete. It should be expected to exhibit an increase in upwards momentum and have some support from volume.

Within minuette wave (iii), subminuette wave i may be over at Thursday’s high. Subminuette wave ii may be more brief and shallow than a typical second wave due to an upwards pull from the middle of a third wave. Subminuette wave ii may not move beyond the start of subminuette wave i below 2,597.18.

Price has found support now three times at the A-C trend line. If this wave count is correct, then support there should hold.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
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It is also possible that the second zigzag in the double for minor wave C is incomplete.

If the zigzag of minute wave y is continuing, then within it minuette wave (b) must be seen as an expanded flat correction (all subdivisions will fit at the five minute chart level). The problem here though is the length of subminuette wave b within the expanded flat. While there is no rule stating a limit for B waves within flats, there is a convention that states when the B wave is more than twice the length of the A wave the probability of a flat is extremely low. I have seen a few expanded flats where wave B is longer than twice the length of wave A, but they are uncommon.

The probability of this wave count would be reduced for this reason.

Now the size in both depth and duration of subminuette wave ii further reduces the probability of this wave count. It no longer has reasonable looking proportions.

Subminuette wave ii may not move beyond the start of subminuette wave i above 2,674.78.

If price makes a new low below 2,585.89, then the target for the triangle wave count would be at 2,561. This would expect the most common Fibonacci ratio between minuette waves (a) and (c).


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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Double combinations are very common structures. The first structure in a possible double combination for intermediate wave (4) would be a complete zigzag labelled minor wave W. The double should be joined by a three in the opposite direction labelled minor wave X, which may be a complete zigzag. X waves within combinations are typically very deep; if minor wave X is over at the last high, then it would be a 0.79 length of minor wave W, which is fairly deep giving it a normal look. There is no minimum nor maximum requirement for X waves within combinations.

The second structure in the double would most likely be a flat correction labelled minor wave Y. It may also be a triangle, but in my experience this is very rare, so it will not be expected. The much more common flat for minor wave Y will be charted and expected.

A flat correction would subdivide 3-3-5. Minute wave a must be a three wave structure, most likely a zigzag. It may also be a double zigzag. On the hourly chart, this is now how this downwards movement fits best, and this will now be how it is labelled.

Minute wave b must now reach a minimum 0.90 length of minute wave a. Minute wave b must be a corrective structure. It may be any corrective structure.

The purpose of combinations is to take up time and move price sideways. To achieve this purpose the second structure in the double usually ends close to the same level as the first. Minor wave Y would be expected to end about the same level as minor wave W at 2,532.69. This would require a strong overshoot or breach of the 200 day moving average, which looks unlikely.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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This is another way to label the combination.

Minor wave W is still a zigzag labelled in the same way, over at the first low within intermediate wave (4).

The double is joined by a quick three in the opposite direction labelled minor wave X, subdividing as a zigzag.

Minor wave Y may have begun earlier and may be an almost complete expanded flat correction, and within it minute wave a is a three, itself an expanded flat. Minute wave b is a zigzag and only slightly longer than the most common length of up to 1.38 times the length of minute wave a. Minute wave c downwards must be a five wave structure. It may need a final fifth wave to complete it.

Within minuette wave (v), no second wave correction may move beyond its start above 2,674.78.

The target would see minor wave Y end only slightly below the end of minor wave W. The whole structure for the double combination would move sideways. This wave count would also require a substantial breach of the 200 day moving average (at this point about 68 points). This looks unlikely but is discussed as a possibility in the classic technical analysis section below.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
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The Elliott channel is drawn using Elliott’s second technique for an impulse. If an impulse downwards is incomplete, then within minuette wave (v) upwards corrections should find strong resistance at the upper edge of the channel. That channel should not be breached.

The fact that the end of Thursday’s session has breached the channel indicates this wave count may be wrong. It has substantially reduced in probability.

If subminuette wave ii continues higher, it may not move beyond the start of subminuette wave i above 2,674.78.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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Flat corrections are very common. The most common type of flat is an expanded flat. This would see minor wave B move above the start of minor wave A at 2,872.87.

Within a flat correction, minor wave B must retrace a minimum 0.9 length of minor wave A at 2,838.85. The most common length for minor wave B within a flat correction would be 1 to 1.38 times the length of minor wave A at 2,872.87 to 3,002.15. An expanded flat would see minor wave B 1.05 times the length of minor wave A or longer, at 2,889.89 or above.

Minor wave B may be an incomplete zigzag, and within it minute wave c upwards must now subdivide as a five wave structure. How high minor wave B goes would indicate for this wave count what type of flat correction may be unfolding for intermediate wave (4).

It is also possible for this wave count that minute wave b may not be complete and may move lower.

When minor wave B is a complete corrective structure ending at or above the minimum requirement, then minor wave C downwards would be expected to make a new low below the end of minor wave A at 2,532.69 to avoid a truncation.

This wave count would require a very substantial breach of the 200 day moving average for the end of intermediate wave (4). This is possible but may be less likely than a smaller breach. Support at the 200 day average at this stage continues to hold and should be expected to do so until price breaks it.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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It is possible still that intermediate wave (4) was complete as a relatively brief and shallow single zigzag.

A new all time high with support from volume and any one of a bullish signal from On Balance Volume or the AD line would see this alternate wave count become the main wave count.

The target for minor wave 3 expects the most common Fibonacci ratio to minor wave 1.

It now looks more likely that for this alternate wave count minor wave 2 should be over. Within minor wave 3, no second wave correction may move beyond the start of its first wave below 2,585.89.



S&P 500 weekly 2018
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Although volume this week is lighter than last two downwards weeks, this is only of slight concern. Light and declining volume has long been a feature of this bull market. It does not appear to be causing the bull market to be unsustainable, yet.

Give reasonable weight to the bullish signal from On Balance Volume, although it has not perfectly touched the support line.

It is a reasonable approach to expect the 200 day / 40 week moving average to continue to provide strong support while price is above it.


S&P 500 daily 2018
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Look out for resistance at the breakaway gap at 2,709.79. The yellow line on On Balance Volume may also provide resistance, but it allows for some more upwards movement first.

Lighter volume for Thursday with a long upper candlestick wick suggest a pullback on Monday may unfold. There is support just below about 2,600.


VIX daily 2018
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So that colour blind members are included, bearish signals will be noted with blue and bullish signals with yellow.

Normally, volatility should decline as price moves higher and increase as price moves lower. This means that normally inverted VIX should move in the same direction as price.

Thursday’s new small swing high has made a new high in inverted VIX but not yet in price. This divergence is read as bullish, if inverted VIX is a leading indicator.


AD Line daily 2018
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There is normally 4-6 months divergence between price and market breadth prior to a full fledged bear market. This has been so for all major bear markets within the last 90 odd years. With no longer term divergence yet at this point, any decline in price should be expected to be a pullback within an ongoing bull market and not necessarily the start of a bear market.

All of small, mid and large caps last week fell strongly. The fall in price has broad support from market breadth. It was small caps though that had the least decline. This slight divergence indicates some weakness and may be interpreted as slightly bullish.

Breadth should be read as a leading indicator.

Thursday’s small new swing high in the AD line has not seen a corresponding new swing high in price. This is read as bullish divergence.


All indices have made new all time highs as recently as nine weeks ago, confirming the ongoing bull market.

The following lows need to be exceeded for Dow Theory to confirm the end of the bull market and a change to a bear market:

DJIA: 17,883.56.

DJT: 7,039.41.

S&P500: 2,083.79.

Nasdaq: 5,034.41.

Charts showing each prior major swing low used for Dow Theory are here.

Published @ 11:11 p.m. EST.