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Price continued to move lower.

Summary: A new low below 2,044.02 now would provide a lot of confidence in the first wave count, the target would be at 1,983. A new all time high above 2,134.72 would provide full confidence in the second wave count which expects new all time highs. In the short term, the first wave count now expects price to continue lower and show an increase in downward momentum. Regular technical analysis also expects price to continue to fall. The second wave count could see downward movement end here, but that idea first requires some confirmation at the hourly and five minute chart level.

Changes to last analysis are bold.

To see a weekly chart and how to draw trend lines click here.


S&P 500 daily 2015
Click chart to enlarge.

It is possible that the S&P has seen a primary degree (or for the bear count below a Super Cycle degree) trend change.

This wave count now has some confirmation at the daily chart level with a close more than 3% of market value below the long held bull market trend line.

Further confirmation would come with:

1. A new low below 2,044.02.

2. A new low below 2,022.07 to invalidate the alternate wave count.

3. A clear five down on the hourly chart.

4. A clear five down on the daily chart.

5. A new low below 1,820.66.

6. A break below the 50 day SMA on the weekly chart.

As each condition is met the probability of a substantial trend change would increase.

At this stage, a trend change is looking somewhat likely so I’ll list points in its favour:

1. The long held bull market trend line, the strongest piece of technical analysis on ALL charts, has been breached now by a close more than 3% of market value.

2. There is quadruple negative divergence between price and MACD on the weekly chart.

3. There is double negative divergence between price and MACD on the daily chart.

4. There is persistent and strong negative divergence between price and RSI on the monthly chart. The last time this happened was October 2007 and we all know what happened after that…

5. A long held bull trend line on On Balance Volume going back to October 2014 has been breached, is no longer providing support, and is now providing resistance.

6. DJT has recently failed to confirm the continuation of a bull market. This does not indicate a bear market, but does indicate caution.

Primary wave 4 would be likely to end within the price territory of the fourth wave of one lesser degree: intermediate wave (4) has its price territory from 1,730 to 1,647.

Primary wave 4 would be likely to exhibit alternation to primary wave 2. Primary wave 2 was a 0.41 zigzag correction lasting 12 weeks, one short of a Fibonacci 13. Primary wave 4 may be more shallow than the 0.382 Fibonacci ratio, and may be a flat, combination or triangle, which are more time consuming structures than zigzags so it should be longer in duration than primary wave 2. Primary wave 4 may last a Fibonacci 21 weeks in total, 1.618 the duration of primary wave 2.

S&P 500 hourly 2015
Click chart to enlarge.

Minute wave iii has now breached the channel about minuette wave (c). Now that price has broken below the lower edge of the channel downward momentum may begin to build.

Momentum is showing some increase as price moves lower. This fits a third wave, but so far also fits for a C wave (the second wave count below).

Within subminuette wave iii, no second wave correction may move beyond its start above 2,116.87.

This wave count now expects to see a strong increase in downward momentum. If that happens over the next two trading days, then it would be favoured over the second wave count.

The confirmation point for this first wave count must be at 2,044.02. Before we get to that point, downwards momentum and structure may indicate which wave count is more likely. This wave count expects a third wave down while the second wave count below expects a B wave down. Third waves should show strong momentum and may only subdivide as impulses while B waves must subdivide as corrective structures and don’t normally show strong momentum.


S&P 500 daily 2015
Click chart to enlarge.

The ending contracting diagonal may still be incomplete. Ending diagonals require all sub waves to subdivide as zigzags, and the fourth wave should overlap first wave price territory. It is Elliott wave convention to always draw the diagonal trend lines to indicate a diagonal structure is expected.

My labelling here of minute wave iv within the diagonal as a double zigzag relies upon the interpretation of “double and triple zigzags take the place of zigzags” (“Elliott Wave Principle” by Frost and Prechter, 10th edition, page 91) to be true for zigzags within diagonals. This wave down may also be labelled as a single zigzag, but that does not have as neat a fit as a double zigzag.

The diagonal trend lines are no longer clearly converging. This reduces the probability of this wave count.

If it moves any lower, then minute wave iv may not be longer than equality in length with minute wave ii at 2,022.07. If it is over here, then minute wave v up also has a limit and may not be longer than equality with minute wave iii at 2,197.84.

The best way to see where and when upwards movement may end is the upper diagonal i-iii trend line. It is very likely to be overshot. Upwards movement may find resistance at the long held bull market trend line.

S&P 500 hourly 2015
Click chart to enlarge.

It is now possible that minuette wave (b) is over as a simple zigzag reaching to the 0.382 Fibonacci ratio of minuette wave (a).

It is also equally as likely that minuette wave (b) is just under half way through; if the degree of labelling within the zigzag down is moved down one degree, then this may only be subminuette wave a of a flat, triangle or subminuette wave w of a combination or double zigzag.

If the next small upwards movement breaks above the small downward sloping orange channel and subdivides clearly as a five on the five minute chart, then minuette wave (b) may be more likely to be over.

If the next small upwards movement breaks above the small downward sloping orange channel and subdivides clearly as a three on the five minute chart, then minuette wave (b) may not be over and may yet continue sideways as a flat, triangle or combination, or lower as a double zigzag.

If minuette wave (b) is over here, then at 2,191 minuette wave (c) would reach equality in length with minuette wave (a). If minuette wave (b) moves lower, then this target must move correspondingly lower.

To have any confidence at all in the target and a trend change the small orange channel must be breached and upwards movement must be seen to subdivide as a clear five on the five minute chart.

While there is no confirmation that minuette wave (b) is over it must be accepted that it may yet move lower. If it does, then it may reach down to the 0.618 Fibonacci ratio at 2,078.


S&P 500 daily bear 2015
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The subdivisions within cycle waves a-b-c are seen in absolutely exactly the same way as primary waves 1-2-3 for the main wave count.

In line with recent Grand Super Cycle wave analysis, I have moved the degree of labelling for the bear wave count all up one degree.

This bear wave count expects a Super Cycle wave (c) to unfold downwards for a few years, and if it is a C wave it may be devastating. It may end well below 666.79.

However, if this wave down is a Super Cycle wave (y), then it may be a time consuming repeat of the last big flat correction with two market crashes within it, equivalent to the DotCom crash and the recent Global Financial Crisis, and it may take another 8-9 years to unfold sideways.

Within the new bear market, no second wave correction may move beyond the start of its first wave above 2,134.72.

The second wave count above works in the same way for this bear wave count.


S&P 500 daily 2015
Click chart to enlarge.

ADX is now below 20 and declining. No clear trend is indicated. A sideways range bound trading system would be better employed at this time than a trend following system.

At any one time a market will be doing only one of two things: either trending or consolidating. Your trading system / approach should be different for each type of market. Profiting in a clearly trending market is easier and involves less risk. Profiting in a consolidating market is harder and involves higher risk; only experienced professionals normally are able to profit in this kind of market. Good money management and careful stops are essential during consolidation to avoid wiping out your account.

One possible range bound trading system is presented here. It is very simple, and simple is usually best. This approach uses horizontal lines (red) of support and resistance in conjunction with Slow Stochastics. The idea is that when price reaches support or resistance at the same time Stochastics reaches oversold or overbought a trend change should be expected. The risk comes with the ability of price to move beyond the outer lines of support and resistance before turning around. This approach should tell us about where and when price may turn, but it cannot tell exactly where and when price will turn.

Eventually, the market will move again from consolidation to trending, and when that happens ADX is often slow to indicate the change. Eventually, the final swing expected from this range bound system will never come and that is when the breakout will happen. But at that point in time this system may expect a trend change which will never come. This is another illustration of why trading a consolidating market is so risky and has the potential for big losses. Stops are vital.

In this kind of range bound market stops may be set just beyond lines of support or resistance, or using Elliott wave invalidation points, or money management stops. This depends on your risk appetite and trading style. In a range bound market with higher risk of losses it is vital stops are always used.

Price reached up into the zone of resistance four days ago and Stochastics also reached overbought. A swing down from there was expected. Price is turning down and Stochastics is also returning from overbought. The downward swing should be expected to continue until price again reaches support and Stochastics again reaches oversold.

This regular technical analysis supports the Elliott wave counts at least in the short term.

The last three days of red candlesticks come with increasing volume indicating that the breakout from this range may be more likely to be down than up. However, the prior high (arrow) of 26th December, 2014, came on declining volume and was followed by five days down on increasing volume. This is exactly the opposite of what is normal and what should be expected, and illustrates that volume behaviour at the moment for the S&P 500 may not be normal making volume analysis less reliable.

On Balance Volume may be a better volume analysis tool at this time. OBV has found resistance at the long held orange trend line, which supports the idea of a downwards swing from here, at least in the short term.

A note on Dow Theory: for the bear wave count I would wait for Dow Theory to confirm a huge market crash. For that to be confirmed the following new lows are needed:

S&P500: 1,820.66
Nasdaq: 4,116.60
DJT: 7,700.49
DJIA: 15,855.12

At this time DJT is closest, but none of these indices have made new major swing lows yet.

This analysis is published about 07:51 p.m. EST.