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Another signal from the AD line to end the trading week gives strong confidence in the Elliott wave analysis.

In light of recent signals from the AD line and On Balance Volume, it is time to step back and look again at monthly charts for the Elliott wave count, and some key indicators.

Summary: Another new all time high from the AD line is very bullish. Expect upwards movement as most likely next week.

For the short term, a little more downwards movement may end about 2,686 to complete a classic pullback after an upwards breakout from the symmetrical triangle.

The long to mid term Elliott wave target is at 2,922, and a classic analysis target is now at 3,045.

Corrections are an opportunity to join the trend.

Always practice good risk management. Always trade with stops and invest only 1-5% of equity on any one trade.

New updates to this analysis are in bold.

The biggest picture, Grand Super Cycle analysis, is here.

An historic example of a cycle degree fifth wave is given at the end of the analysis here.



S&P 500 Monthly 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

The large expanded flat labelled Super Cycle wave (IV) completed a 8.5 year correction. Thereafter, the bull market continues for Super Cycle wave (V). The structure of Super Cycle wave (V) is incomplete. At this stage, it is subdividing as an impulse.

There is no Fibonacci ratio between cycle waves I and III within Super Cycle wave (V). This makes it more likely that cycle wave V will exhibit a Fibonacci ratio to either of cycle waves I or III. Cycle wave V has passed equality in length with cycle wave I. The Fibonacci ratio of 2.618 is used for cycle wave V to allow enough room for the structure to complete.

The teal channel is drawn using Elliott’s first technique about an impulse. Draw the first trend line from the ends of cycle waves I to III (from the months of July 2011 to December 2014), then place a parallel copy on the low of cycle wave II. Cycle wave IV has found support very close to the lower edge of this channel, so the channel looks about right. The lower edge should continue to provide support, and the upper edge may provide resistance if price gets up that high.

Copy this large channel over to weekly and daily charts, all on a semi log scale. The lower edge will be important.

Cycle wave II was a shallow 0.41 zigzag lasting three months. Cycle wave IV is now seen as a more shallow 0.28 double combination lasting 14 months. Cycle wave II was a sharp movement that travelled a reasonable distance in a short time. Although cycle waves II and IV are disproportionate in terms of duration, the distance covered still gives the wave count the right look. There is excellent alternation between them.

Cycle wave I lasted 28 months (not a Fibonacci number), cycle wave II lasted a Fibonacci 3 months, cycle wave III lasted 38 months (not a Fibonacci number), and cycle wave IV lasted 14 months (one more than a Fibonacci 13).

Cycle wave V has begun its 27th month. The structure needs several more months to complete. It may last another 7 months to total a Fibonacci 34, or it may continue for as long as another 28 months to total a Fibonacci 55.

It is also possible that cycle wave V may not exhibit a Fibonacci duration.

Within cycle wave V, the correction for intermediate wave (4) may not move back down into intermediate wave (1) price territory below 2,193.81.


S&P 500 Weekly 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

Cycle wave V must complete as a five structure, which should look clear at the weekly chart level. It may only be an impulse or ending diagonal. At this stage, it is clear it is an impulse.

Within cycle wave V, the third waves at all degrees may only subdivide as impulses.

Intermediate wave (4) has breached an Elliott channel drawn using Elliott’s first technique. The channel is redrawn using Elliott’s second technique: the first trend line from the ends of intermediate waves (2) to (4), then a parallel copy on the end of intermediate wave (3). Intermediate wave (5) may end either midway within the channel, or about the upper edge.

Intermediate wave (4) may now be a complete regular contracting triangle lasting fourteen weeks, one longer than a Fibonacci thirteen. There is perfect alternation and excellent proportion between intermediate waves (2) and (4).

If intermediate wave (4) were to continue further as either a flat or combination, both possibilities would require another deep pullback to end at or below 2,532.69. With both On Balance Volume and the AD line making new all time highs, that possibility looks extremely unlikely.

If intermediate wave (4) were to continue further, it would now be grossly disproportionate to intermediate wave (2). Both classic technical analysis and Elliott wave analysis now suggest these alternate ideas should be discarded based upon a very low probability.

The AD line today makes yet another all time high, so the invalidation point is moved higher at the weekly chart level. Within intermediate wave (5), no second wave correction may move beyond the start of its first wave below 2,594.62.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

It is possible that intermediate wave (4) is a complete regular contracting triangle, the most common type of triangle. Minor wave E may have found support just below the 200 day moving average and ending reasonably short of the A-C trend line. This is the most common look for E waves of triangles.

Intermediate wave (3) exhibits no Fibonacci ratio to intermediate wave (1). It is more likely then that intermediate wave (5) may exhibit a Fibonacci ratio to either of intermediate waves (1) or (3). The most common Fibonacci ratio would be equality in length with intermediate wave (1), but in this instance that would expect a truncation. The next common Fibonacci ratio is used to calculate a target for intermediate wave (5) to end.

Price has clearly broken out above the upper triangle B-D trend line. This indicates that it should now be over if the triangle is correctly labelled.

A resistance line in lilac is added to this chart. It is the same line as the upper edge of the symmetrical triangle on the daily technical analysis chart. Upwards movement has sliced cleanly through this line, finding no resistance before breaking it. This line may offer some support for any pullbacks. Price is finding support at that line so far. A breach of that line does not mean the classic triangle is invalid and that price must make new lows, only that the pullback is deeper. Look for next support at the blue Elliott wave triangle B-D trend line.

Sometimes the point at which the triangle trend lines cross over sees a trend change. A trend change at that point may be a minor one or a major one. That point is now about the 5th of June.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

Minor wave 1 may be a complete five wave impulse. The middle portion of minuette wave (iii) does not have as good a look for this wave count, but the S&P does not always have good looking impulses.

Minor wave 1 may have lasted seven days. Minor wave 2 may be expected to last about three to eight days to have reasonable proportion to minor wave 1. Targets for minor wave 2 may be the 0.382 and 0.618 Fibonacci ratios. If it ends about the 0.382 Fibonacci ratio, then it may continue to find support at the lilac trend line (copied over from the daily chart).

Minor wave 2 may be subdividing as a zigzag, and within it minute wave a may be a complete five wave impulse. If minute wave a is correctly labelled as a five, then minute wave b may not move beyond its start above 2,742.10.

It is also possible that minute wave a is incorrectly labelled. It may be a complete double zigzag. If minute wave a is a corrective structure, then minor wave 2 may be unfolding as a flat correction. Within a flat correction, minute wave b may make a new high above the start of minute wave a at 2,742.10 as in an expanded flat. It is for this reason that an upper invalidation point is not added to this hourly chart.

Minor wave 2 may not move beyond the start of minor wave 1 below 2,594.62.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

This hourly chart is swapped over to an alternate today because the upwards sloping pink Elliott channel has been breached by some sideways movement. This slightly reduces the probability of this wave count.

Minor wave 1 may be incomplete, and within it minute waves i, ii, iii and iv may all be complete. Only minute wave v may now be needed to complete an impulse upwards.

Minute wave iii is slightly shorter than minute wave i. So that the core Elliott wave rule stating a third wave may never be the shortest is met, minute wave v has a limit of no longer than equality in length with minute wave iii.

Within minute wave v, minuette waves (i) and (ii) may be complete. If minuette wave (ii) continues any further, then it may not move beyond the start of minuette wave (i) below 2,704.31.

So far minute wave v is not remaining neatly within the pink Elliott channel. This is typical behaviour from the S&P. It will often breach channels but continue in the old direction. However, the breach is now reasonable.


S&P 500 Monthly 2018
Click chart to enlarge.

This alternate wave count is identical to the main monthly chart up to the low labelled Super Cycle wave (IV). Thereafter, only the degree of labelling is moved down one degree and the subdivisions of the following bull market are seen in the same way.

In the Grand Super Cycle analysis, Super Cycle wave (I) lasted over 60 years (my data does not go all the way to the start of Grand Super Cycle wave I); Super Cycle wave (II) lasted just 8 years (the market crash which began in 1929); Super Cycle wave III lasted 66 years, up to the high of 2000; and, Super Cycle wave (IV) ending in March 2009 lasted just 8.5 years.

Both of Super Cycle waves (I) and (III) are long extensions. This means Super Cycle wave (V) may not be a long extension because only two of the three actionary waves within Grand Super Cycle wave I may be extended.

If the degree of labelling within Super Cycle wave (V) is moved down one, it may be that only cycle wave I is nearing its end. The following correction for cycle wave II may not move beyond the start of cycle wave I below 666.79.

If only cycle wave I is nearing an end, then so far it has lasted 9 years. This does not look right for the Grand Super Cycle analysis because it would have to see a longer third wave for cycle wave III, and then Super Cycle wave (V) would look extended and the Elliott wave rule would be violated.

However, it is possible that cycle wave III could be relatively short, as could cycle wave V to end Super Cycle wave (V). And so this alternate may be considered, although it looks like it may have a low probability if the Grand Super Cycle wave count is correct.



S&P 500 monthly 2018
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

This monthly chart shows the entire bull market from the low in March 2009.

A persistent feature of this bull market is rising price on declining volume. This is normally unsustainable, but in this market the fact is it has been sustained now for some years. It must be accepted that it could continue further yet for more years.

Eventually, this bull market will end as they all do. When the bear market arrives, light volume indicates there may be little support for falling price. The eventual bear market could see price fall very far very fast.

ADX can remain very extreme for many months in a strong bull market. It is hopeless as a timing tool for an end to a bull run, even at this time frame.

The Magee bull market trend line is drawn across the first two major swing lows. It should be assumed the bull market remains intact while price remains above this line. If this line is breached at the monthly chart level, then a bear market may have arrived.

At its end, I will be looking for the following conditions before a bear market may be considered:

1. Divergence between price and RSI, and preferably another failure swing.

2. A bearish signal from On Balance Volume.

3. Finally, a breach of the Magee bull market trend line.


S&P 500 weekly 2018
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

From Dhalquist and Kirkpatrick on trading triangles:

“The ideal situation for trading triangles is a definite breakout, a high trading range within the triangle, an upward-sloping volume trend during the formation of the triangle, and especially a gap on the breakout.”

For this example, the breakout may have now happened. There was a high trading range within the triangle, but volume declined. A downwards week may be a typical pullback following the breakout.


S&P 500 daily 2018
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

The symmetrical triangle may now be complete, and price has completed an upwards breakout. There may be some small cause for concern that the upwards breakout does not have support from volume. However, in current market conditions only some small concern is had here. Rising price on light and declining volume has been a feature of this market for years, yet price continues to rise.

After an upwards breakout, pullbacks occur 59% of the time. A pullback may find support at the upper triangle trend line and may be used as an opportunity to join a trend.

Symmetrical triangles suffer from many false breakouts. If price returns back into the triangle, then the breakout will be considered false and the triangle trend line will be redrawn.

The base distance is 340.18. Added to the breakout point of 2,704.54 this gives a target at 3,044.72. This is above the Elliott wave target at 2,922, so the Elliott wave target may be inadequate.

For the short term, the next smaller consolidation or pullback may come about 2,811. This shorter term target is calculated using the measuring gap. That gap may now provide support and may be used to pull up stops on long positions. The gap still remains just open; this target remains valid.

On Balance Volume has made a new all time high, providing a very strong bullish signal; expect price to follow. The bearish signal from On Balance Volume breaking below the purple support line is weak because this line has been broken recently. The next support line offers slightly better technical significance; it may halt the fall in price now.


VIX daily 2018
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of So that colour blind members are included, bearish signals
will be noted with blue and bullish signals with yellow.

Normally, volatility should decline as price moves higher and increase as price moves lower. This means that normally inverted VIX should move in the same direction as price.

There is still a cluster of bullish signals on inverted VIX. Overall, this may offer support to the main Elliott wave count.

Inverted VIX is much higher than the prior swing high of the 9th / 13th March, but price is not yet. Reading VIX as a leading indicator, this divergence is bullish.

Price moved slightly lower, but inverted VIX moved slightly higher. This divergence is bullish, but only weakly so.


AD Line daily 2018
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of

There is normally 4-6 months divergence between price and market breadth prior to a full fledged bear market. This has been so for all major bear markets within the last 90 odd years. With no longer term divergence yet at this point, any decline in price should be expected to be a pullback within an ongoing bull market and not necessarily the start of a bear market. New all time highs from the AD line means that any bear market may now be an absolute minimum of 4 months away. It may of course be a lot longer than that. My next expectation for the end of this bull market may now be October 2019.

Small caps continue to make new all time highs, but mid and large caps have yet to do so. This divergence may be interpreted as bullish. Small caps may now be leading the market.

Breadth should be read as a leading indicator.

There has been a cluster of bullish signals from the AD line in the last few weeks. This also overall offers good support to the main Elliott wave count.

The AD line has made another new all time high. This is a very strong bullish signal, and is one reason why the more bearish Elliott wave counts are discarded. It is extremely likely now that price shall follow with a new all time high.

Price moved slightly lower, but the AD line moved slightly higher to make another new all time high. The divergence is weakly bullish, but the new all time high supports the Elliott wave count at higher time frames. When the AD line makes new all time highs, expect price to follow.


The following lows need to be exceeded for Dow Theory to confirm the end of the bull market and a change to a bear market:

DJIA: 23,360.29.

DJT: 9,806.79.

S&P500: 2,532.69.

Nasdaq: 6,630.67.

At this stage, only DJIA has made a new major swing low. DJT also needs to make a new major swing low for Dow Theory to indicate a switch from a bull market to a bear market. For an extended Dow Theory, which includes the S&P500 and Nasdaq, these two markets also need to make new major swing lows.

Charts showing each prior major swing low used for Dow Theory may be seen at the end of this analysis here.

Published @ 04:28 a.m. EST on 19th May, 2018.