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Upwards movement was expected again for Friday. The session began with a gap higher, but thereafter moved lower to close red. Price remains above the invalidation point.

Summary: A new low below 2,639.25 would indicate more downwards movement, and the target would be between 2,586.27 and 2,553.80. A bearish signal from On Balance Volume, failure for price to close above resistance, declining ATR for the last three sessions, and a lack of support from volume for rising price all support this view. The alternate hourly Elliott wave count now looks more likely.

A new high above 2,680.26 would indicate more upwards movement, and the target would be at 2,705 or a range from 2,752 to 2,766. Some bullish divergence with VIX offers just a little support to this view. There are now clusters of bullish signals on VIX and the AD line.

Always practice good risk management. Always trade with stops and invest only 1-5% of equity on any one trade.

New updates to this analysis are in bold.

The biggest picture, Grand Super Cycle analysis, is here.

Last historic analysis with monthly charts is here. Video is here.

An alternate idea at the monthly chart level is given here at the end of this analysis.

An historic example of a cycle degree fifth wave is given at the end of the analysis here.



S&P 500 Weekly 2018
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Cycle wave V must complete as a five structure, which should look clear at the weekly chart level. It may only be an impulse or ending diagonal. At this stage, it is clear it is an impulse.

Within cycle wave V, the third waves at all degrees may only subdivide as impulses.

Intermediate wave (4) has breached an Elliott channel drawn using Elliott’s first technique. The channel is redrawn using Elliott’s second technique as if intermediate wave (4) was over at the first swing low within it. If intermediate wave (4) continues sideways, then the channel may be redrawn when it is over. The upper edge may provide resistance for intermediate wave (5).

Intermediate wave (4) may not move into intermediate wave (1) price territory below 2,193.81. However, it would be extremely likely to remain within the wider teal channel (copied over from the monthly chart) if it were to be reasonably deep. This channel contains the entire bull market since the low in March 2009, with only two small overshoots at the end of cycle wave IV. If this channel is breached, then the idea of cycle wave V continuing higher would be discarded well before the invalidation point is breached.

At this stage, it now looks like intermediate wave (4) may be continuing further sideways as a combination, triangle or flat. These three ideas are separated into separate daily charts. All three ideas would see intermediate wave (4) exhibit alternation in structure with the double zigzag of intermediate wave (2).

A double zigzag would also be possible for intermediate wave (4), but because intermediate wave (2) was a double zigzag this is the least likely structure for intermediate wave (4) to be. Alternation should be expected until price proves otherwise.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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This first daily chart looks at a triangle structure for intermediate wave (4). The triangle may be either a regular contracting or regular barrier triangle. Within the triangle, minor waves A, B and C may be complete.

If intermediate wave (4) is a regular contracting triangle, the most common type, then minor wave D may not move beyond the end of minor wave B above 2,801.90.

If intermediate wave (4) is a regular barrier triangle, then minor wave D may end about the same level as minor wave B at 2,801.90. As long as the B-D trend line remains essentially flat a triangle will remain valid. In practice, this means the minor wave D can end slightly above 2,801.90 as this rule is subjective.

When a zigzag upwards for minor wave D is complete, then this wave count would expect a final smaller zigzag downwards for minor wave E, which would most likely fall reasonably short of the A-C trend line.

If this all takes a further two weeks to complete, then intermediate wave (4) may total a Fibonacci 13 weeks and would be just two weeks longer in duration than intermediate wave (2). There would be very good proportion between intermediate waves (2) and (4), which would give the wave count the right look. However, two more weeks at this time does not look like it may be long enough for a triangle to complete. It may not exhibit a Fibonacci duration.

There are now a few overshoots of the 200 day moving average. This is entirely acceptable for this wave count; the overshoots do not mean price must now continue lower. The A-C trend line for this wave count should have a slope, so minor wave C should now be over.

Within the zigzag of minor wave D, minute wave b may not move beyond the start of minute wave a below 2,553.80.

The arrow is adjusted today on this chart to best fit the alternate hourly chart below. This now looks more likely.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
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If price makes a new high above 2,680.26, then use this main wave count.

Minor wave D upwards should subdivide as a zigzag. Within the zigzag, minute wave b now shows up on the daily chart as a large red daily candlestick. This would give minor wave D an obvious three wave look on the daily chart, which should be expected.

Minute wave b subdivides as a completed double zigzag. The most common Fibonacci ratio is used to calculate a target for minute wave c.

Minute wave c must subdivide as a five wave structure. So far within it there may now be two overlapping first and second waves complete, labelled minuette waves (i) and (ii), and now subminuette waves i and ii. This wave count expects to see an increase in upwards momentum as the middle of a low degree third wave unfolds.

Subminuette wave ii may not move beyond the start of subminuette wave i below 2,639.25.

The target at 2,705 may not be high enough to allow enough room for the structure of minute wave c to complete. If price keeps rising through this target, then use the target zone.


S&P 500 Hourly 2018
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If price makes a new low below 2,639.25, then use this alternate wave count. Expect a deep pullback. This hourly wave count now has more support from classic technical analysis.

By simply moving the degree of labelling down within the last downwards wave, it is possible that minute wave b may be incomplete.

If minute wave b has begun with a double zigzag downwards for minuette wave (a), then it may be either a flat or a triangle. A flat is more common, so that shall be how this chart is labelled.

Within the flat correction, minuette wave (b) has passed the minimum requirement of 0.9 the length of minuette wave (a). The common range for minuette wave (b) would be from 1 to 1.38 times the length of minuette wave (a).

Minuette wave (b) may now be a complete zigzag.

This wave count now expects a large downwards wave for minuette wave (c). Minuette wave (c) would be highly likely to make at least a slight new low below the end of minuette wave (a) at 2,586.27 to avoid a truncation and a very rare running flat.

A target calculation for minuette wave (c) to end using 1.618 the length of minuette wave (a) yields an invalid target. A target for minuette wave (c) to end may need to be calculated at subminuette degree.

Minute wave b may not move beyond the start of minute wave a below 2,553.80.

Within minuette wave (c), no second wave correction may move beyond the start of its first wave above 2,680.26.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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Double combinations are very common structures. The first structure in a possible double combination for intermediate wave (4) would be a complete zigzag labelled minor wave W. The double should be joined by a three in the opposite direction labelled minor wave X, which may be a complete zigzag. X waves within combinations are typically very deep; if minor wave X is over at the last high, then it would be a 0.79 length of minor wave W, which is fairly deep giving it a normal look. There is no minimum nor maximum requirement for X waves within combinations.

The second structure in the double would most likely be a flat correction labelled minor wave Y. It may also be a triangle, but in my experience this is very rare, so it will not be expected. The much more common flat for minor wave Y will be charted and expected.

A flat correction would subdivide 3-3-5. Minute wave a must be a three wave structure, most likely a zigzag. It may also be a double zigzag. On the hourly chart, this is now how this downwards movement fits best, and this will now be how it is labelled.

Minute wave b must now reach a minimum 0.90 length of minute wave a. Minute wave b must be a corrective structure. It may be any corrective structure. It may be unfolding as an expanded flat correction. A target is calculated for it to end. Within minuette wave (c), subminuette waves i and ii may now be complete. Within subminuette wave iii, no second wave correction may move beyond its start below 2,586.27.

The purpose of combinations is to take up time and move price sideways. To achieve this purpose the second structure in the double usually ends close to the same level as the first. Minor wave Y would be expected to end about the same level as minor wave W at 2,532.69. This would require a strong overshoot or breach of the 200 day moving average, which looks unlikely.


S&P 500 Daily 2018
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Flat corrections are very common. The most common type of flat is an expanded flat. This would see minor wave B move above the start of minor wave A at 2,872.87.

Within a flat correction, minor wave B must retrace a minimum 0.9 length of minor wave A at 2,838.85. The most common length for minor wave B within a flat correction would be 1 to 1.38 times the length of minor wave A at 2,872.87 to 3,002.15. An expanded flat would see minor wave B 1.05 times the length of minor wave A or longer, at 2,889.89 or above. A target is today calculated for minor wave B to end, which would see it end within the common range.

Minor wave B may be a regular flat correction, and within it minute wave a may have been a single zigzag and minute wave b may have been a double zigzag. This has a very good fit. The subdivisions at the hourly chart level at this stage would be the same for the last wave down as the main wave count.

This wave count would require a very substantial breach of the 200 day moving average for the end of intermediate wave (4). This is possible but may be less likely than a smaller breach.



S&P 500 weekly 2018
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A classic symmetrical triangle pattern may be forming. These are different to Elliott wave triangles. Symmetrical triangles may be either continuation or reversal patterns, while Elliott wave triangles are always continuation patterns and have stricter rules.

The vertical green lines are 73% to 75% of the length of the triangle from cradle to base, where a breakout most commonly occurs.

From Dhalquist and Kirkpatrick on trading triangles:

“The ideal situation for trading triangles is a definite breakout, a high trading range within the triangle, an upward-sloping volume trend during the formation of the triangle, and especially a gap on the breakout.”

For this example, the breakout has not yet happened. There is a high trading range within the triangle, but volume is declining.

The triangle may yet have another 8 – 9 weeks if it breaks out at the green lines.

Before that happens though On Balance Volume may give a signal. It must give a signal in the next one to very few weeks as the trend lines are converging.


S&P 500 daily 2018
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Price has not managed yet to close above resistance. Volume is declining as price rises overall. On Balance Volume gives a bearish signal. It looks most likely that the alternate hourly Elliott wave may be correct here.


VIX daily 2018
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So that colour blind members are included, bearish signals will be noted with blue and bullish signals with yellow.

Normally, volatility should decline as price moves higher and increase as price moves lower. This means that normally inverted VIX should move in the same direction as price.

While price moved lower during most of Friday’s session, this has not come with a normal corresponding increase in VIX. VIX has declined. This divergence is bullish, and it is not weak.


AD Line daily 2018
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There is normally 4-6 months divergence between price and market breadth prior to a full fledged bear market. This has been so for all major bear markets within the last 90 odd years. With no longer term divergence yet at this point, any decline in price should be expected to be a pullback within an ongoing bull market and not necessarily the start of a bear market.

All of small, mid and large caps this week moved higher. There is no divergence to indicate underlying weakness.

Breadth should be read as a leading indicator.

Price moved lower for much of Friday’s session and has support from declining market breadth. This is bearish.


The following lows need to be exceeded for Dow Theory to confirm the end of the bull market and a change to a bear market:

DJIA: 23,360.29.

DJT: 9,806.79.

S&P500: 2,532.69.

Nasdaq: 6,630.67.

At this stage, only DJIA has made a new major swing low. DJT also needs to make a new major swing low for Dow Theory to indicate a switch from a bull market to a bear market. For an extended Dow Theory, which includes the S&P500 and Nasdaq, these two markets also need to make new major swing lows.

Charts showing each prior major swing low used for Dow Theory may be seen at the end of this analysis here.

Published @ 05:55 a.m. EST on 14th April, 2018.