A little upwards movement was expected for Monday to a target at 2,063.
Price moved higher, to 2,064.15.
Summary: Downwards movement may produce a red candlestick for Tuesday towards a target at 2,031. This is expected to be a fifth wave of the first impulse down within the new trend. The target may be met in one to three days and be followed by a deep second wave correction to end at the bear market trend line. The trend is down and the final target remains at 1,423.
To see last published monthly charts click here.
To see how each of the bull and bear wave counts fit within a larger time frame see the Grand Supercycle Analysis.
To see detail of the bull market from 2009 to the all time high on weekly charts, click here.
New updates to this analysis are in bold.
BEAR ELLIOTT WAVE COUNT
This bear wave count fits better than the bull with the even larger picture, super cycle analysis found here. It is also well supported by regular technical analysis at the monthly chart level.
Importantly, there is no lower invalidation point for this wave count. That means there is no lower limit to this bear market.
Primary wave 1 is complete and lasted 19 weeks. Primary wave 2 is either over lasting 28 weeks, or it may continue for another one or two weeks.
An expectation for duration of primary wave 3 would be for it to be longer in duration than primary wave 1. If it lasts about 31 weeks, it would be 1.618 the duration of primary wave 1. It may last about a Fibonacci 34 weeks in total, depending on how time consuming the corrections within it are.
At the last high in April, the weekly candlestick has a long upper shadow which is bearish. The next candlestick completes a bearish engulfing pattern. That pattern is now followed by another downwards week, so it is reinforced.
Primary wave 2 may be complete as a rare running flat. Just prior to a strong primary degree third wave is the kind of situation in which a running flat may appear. Within primary wave 2, intermediate wave (A) was a deep zigzag (which will also subdivide as a double zigzag). Intermediate wave (B) fits perfectly as a zigzag and is a 1.21 length of intermediate wave (A). This is within the normal range for a B wave of a flat of 1 to 1.38.
Within primary wave 3, no second wave correction may move beyond its start above 2,111.05.
If intermediate wave (C) is over, then the truncation is small at only 5.43 points. This may occur right before a very strong third wave pulls the end of intermediate wave (C) downwards. At the end of last week, price has confirmed a trend change with a new low slightly below 2,039.74.
The next wave down for this wave count would be a strong third wave at primary wave degree. At 1,423 primary wave 3 would reach 2.618 the length of primary wave 1. This is the appropriate ratio for this target because primary wave 2 is very deep at 0.91 of primary wave 1. If this target is wrong, it may be too high. The next Fibonacci ratio in the sequence would be 4.236 which calculates to a target at 998. That looks too low, unless the degree of labelling is moved up one and this may be a third wave down at cycle degree just beginning. I know that possibility right now may seem absurd, but it is possible.
Alternatively, primary wave 3 may not exhibit a Fibonacci ratio to primary wave 1. When intermediate waves (1) through to (4) within the impulse of primary wave 3 are complete, then the target may be calculated at a second wave degree. At that stage, it may change or widen to a small zone.
Draw a small channel about the new downwards movement using Elliott’s first technique: draw the first trend line from the ends of minute waves i to iii, then place a parallel copy on the end of minute wave ii. The upper edge may show where minute wave iv finds resistance, and the downwards edge may show where minute wave v finds support.
Once there is some downwards movement for minute wave v, a subsequent breach of the upper edge of the channel would indicate that the impulse for minor wave 1 would be over and the following correction for minor wave 2 may have begun. Minor wave 2 may be deep. The equivalent minor wave 2 within the last big bear market was a 0.81 depth of minor wave 1 and it lasted one day longer than minor wave 1.
For this upcoming minor wave 2, the expectation should be for it to be deep and either even in duration or longer in duration than minor wave 1. Minor wave 2 may be deep enough to find resistance at the bear market trend line. This line should now offer very strong resistance; I would not expect price to break above it.
Minor wave 2 may not move beyond the start of minor wave 1 above 2,111.05.
Minute wave iii is just 0.09 points longer than 1.618 times the length of minute wave i. Minute wave iii shows an increase in momentum beyond minute wave i, and the strongest part is the middle of the third wave.
A channel drawn using Elliott’s first technique sees the middle of the third wave overshoot the lower edge. This looks typical. The upper edge of the channel may show where minute wave iv finds resistance.
Minute wave ii was a deep 0.67 double zigzag correction. Minute wave iv may now be complete as a shallow 0.34 expanded flat. Both minute waves ii and iv are perfectly even in duration lasting exactly 20 hours each. Because it is the proportions between second and fourth wave corrections which give the wave count the “right look”, this wave count has a textbook perfect look. That in conjunction with the ratio between minute waves i and iii means this wave count has a high probability.
It is not definite, although it is very likely, that minute wave iv is over . It may continue sideways as a triangle, double flat or double combination. All these are all sideways movements which should see price move within the range travelled so far by minute wave iv. If this happens, the perfect proportion between minute waves ii and iv would be lost and minute wave iv would be much longer in duration than minute wave ii. It is much more likely it is over here. If it continues any further, then minute wave iv may not move into minute wave i price territory above 2,077.52.
When there is a new low below the lower price range of minute wave iv at 2,039.45, then it would be confirmed that minute wave iv is over and minute wave v is underway.
Minute wave i lasted 20 hours. Minute wave v may be expected to be about the same duration.
The S&P can behave like a commodity during its bear markets in that it can exhibit swift strong fifth waves. However, this behaviour is seen more often for third wave impulses (the fifth wave to end the third is swift and strong) and during the last bear market did not show up until the middle to end of the whole bear market. I would not necessarily expect this tendency to show up here for minute wave v, but it is a possibility to be aware of.
BULL ELLIOTT WAVE COUNT
Within primary wave C downwards, intermediate wave (2) is seen as an atypical double zigzag. It is atypical in that it moves sideways. Double zigzags should have a clear slope against the prior trend to have the right look. Within a double zigzag, the second zigzag exists to deepen the correction when the first zigzag does not move price deep enough. Not only does this second zigzag not deepen the correction, it fails to move at all beyond the end of the first zigzag. This structure technically meets rules, but it looks completely wrong. This gives the wave count a low probability.
This part of the structure is highly problematic for the bull wave count. It is not possible to see cycle wave IV as complete without a big problem in terms of Elliott wave structure.
Cycle wave II was a shallow 0.41 zigzag lasting three months. Cycle wave IV may be a complete shallow 0.19 regular flat correction, exhibiting some alternation with cycle wave II.
At 2,500 cycle wave V would reach equality in length with cycle wave I.
Price remains below the final bear market trend line. This line is drawn from the all time high at 2,134.72 to the swing high labelled primary wave B at 2,116.48 on November 2015. This line is drawn using the approach outlined by Magee in the classic “Technical Analysis of Stock Trends”. To use it correctly we should assume that a bear market remains intact until this line is breached by a close of 3% or more of market value. In practice, that price point would be a new all time high which would invalidate any bear wave count.
This wave count requires price confirmation with a new all time high above 2,134.72.
While price has not made a new high, while it remains below the final bear market trend line and while technical indicators point to weakness in upwards movement, this very bullish wave count comes with a strong caveat. I still do not have confidence in it.
If the bull market has resumed, it must begin with a five wave structure upwards at the daily and weekly chart level. That may today be complete. The possible trend change at intermediate degree still requires confirmation in the same way as the alternate hourly bear wave count outlines before any confidence may be had in it.
If intermediate wave (2) begins here, then a reasonable target for it to end would be the 0.618 Fibonacci ratio of intermediate wave (1) about 1,920. Intermediate wave (2) must subdivide as a corrective structure. It may not move beyond the start of intermediate wave (1) below 1,810.10.
In the long term, this wave count absolutely requires a new high above 2,134.72 for confirmation. This would be the only wave count in the unlikely event of a new all time high. All bear wave counts would be fully and finally invalidated.
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
There is a bearish engulfing candlestick pattern at the last high. This has occurred at the round number of 2,100 which increases the significance. Volume on the second candlestick is higher than volume on the first candlestick, which further increases the significance. That it is at the weekly chart level is further significance.
Engulfing patterns are the strongest reversal patterns.
Now this pattern is followed by another red weekly candlestick. The reversal implications of the pattern are confirmed.
This is a very strong bearish signal. It adds significant weight to the expectation of a trend change. It does not tell us how low the following movement must go, only that it is likely to be at least of a few weeks duration.
There is a weak bearish signal from On Balance Volume at the weekly chart level with a break below the green line. A stronger bearish signal would be a break below the purple line. At the end of last week, OBV has come down to almost touch the purple line. Some support may be expected about here, so this may prompt minor wave 2 to bounce higher.
There is hidden bearish divergence between Stochastics and price at the last high and the high of November 2015. Stochastics has moved further into overbought territory, but this has failed to translate into a corresponding new high in price. Price is weak. MACD exhibits the same hidden bearish divergence.
After a period of declining ATR, it should be expected to turn and begin to increase.
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
Volume data on StockCharts is different to that given from NYSE, the home of this index. Comments on volume will be based on NYSE volume data when it differs from StockCharts.
Price has found support at the horizontal line about 2,040 and bounced up from there as expected. It may now find resistance at the 13 day moving average. This may turn price down from here. If it doesn’t, then the next line for resistance is the horizontal line about 2,070.
Two days in a row of upwards movement come on declining volume. The rise in price is not supported by volume, so it is suspicious. It is more likely this is a small counter trend movement and not a new upwards trend. Rising price must be supported by volume to be sustainable.
ADX is today flat indicating no clear trend. The -DX line remains above the +DX line. So if the ADX line again turns upwards, then a downwards trend would be again indicated. There has been no trend change.
ATR is declining also indicating there is no clear trend. Both these indicators are lagging as they are based on 14 day averages.
On Balance Volume has given a bullish signal with a bounce up from the purple line. This purple line may again hold if price comes lower as the Elliott wave count expects it to. Minute wave v may end when OBV comes to again touch the purple line.
RSI is neutral. There is room for price to rise or fall. If the Elliott wave count is right and a fifth wave down unfolds, then RSI will be watched carefully to look for divergence. If there is any small divergence between price and RSI, that may indicate the end of minute wave v downwards.
Stochastics is returning from oversold.
MACD indicates some increase in downwards momentum so far.
VOLATILITY – INVERTED VIX DAILY CHART
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
Volatility declines as inverted VIX climbs. This is normal for an upwards trend.
What is not normal here is the divergence over a reasonable time period between price and inverted VIX (green lines). The decline in volatility is not translating to a corresponding increase in price. Price is weak. This divergence is bearish.
Price today has moved higher but not above the prior high of 2nd May. Yet inverted VIX has made a new high above 2nd May (pink lines). This is again hidden bearish divergence. The decline in volatility is greater than the prior level of 2nd May, yet this cannot be translated into a corresponding rise in price. Price is again weak.
BREADTH – ADVANCE DECLINE LINE
Click chart to enlarge. Chart courtesy of StockCharts.com.
With the AD line increasing, this indicates the number of advancing stocks exceeds the number of declining stocks. This indicates that there is breadth to this upwards movement.
From November 2015 to now, the AD line is making new highs while price has so far failed to make a corresponding new high. This indicates weakness in price; the increase in market breadth is unable to be translated to increase in price (orange lines).
The 200 day moving average for the AD line is now increasing. This alone is not enough to indicate a new bull market. During November 2015 the 200 day MA for the AD line turned upwards and yet price still made subsequent new lows.
The AD line is now declining and has breached a support line (cyan). There is breadth to downwards movement; more stocks are declining than advancing which supports the fall in price.
SENTIMENT – COMMITMENT OF TRADERS (COT)
COT will not be published as a sentiment indicator. When I am more confident of my interpretation of COT, I will start publishing COT again.
ANALYSIS OF LAST MAJOR BEAR MARKET OCTOBER 2007 – MARCH 2009
In looking back to see how a primary degree third wave should behave in a bear market, the last example may be useful.
Currently, the start of primary wave 3 now may be underway for this current bear market. Currently, ATR sits about 19. With the last primary degree third wave (blue highlighted) having an ATR range of about 18 to 76, so far this one looks about right.
The current wave count sees price in an intermediate degree first wave within a primary degree third wave. The equivalent in the last bear market (yellow highlighted) lasted 39 days and had a range of ATR from 16 – 27.
This chart is shown on an arithmetic scale, so that the differences in daily range travelled from the start of primary wave 3 to the end of primary wave 3 is clear.
Primary wave 3 within the last bear market from October 2007 to March 2009 is shown here. It started out somewhat slowly with relatively small range days. I am confident of the labelling at primary degree, reasonably confident of labelling at intermediate degree, and uncertain of labelling at minor degree. It is the larger degrees with which we are concerned at this stage.
During intermediate wave (1), there were a fair few small daily doji and ATR only increased slowly. The strongest movements within primary wave 3 came at its end.
It appears that the S&P behaves somewhat like a commodity during its bear markets. That tendency should be considered again here.
This chart will be republished daily for reference. The current primary degree third wave which this analysis expects does not have to unfold in the same way, but it is likely that there may be similarities.
I am choosing to use the S&P500, Dow Industrials, Dow Transportation, Nasdaq and the Russell 2000 index. Major swing lows are noted below. So far the Industrials, Transportation and Russell 2000 have made new major swing lows. None of these indices have made new highs.
I am aware that this approach is extremely conservative. Original Dow Theory has already confirmed a major trend change as both the industrials and transportation indexes have made new major lows.
At this stage, if the S&P500 and Nasdaq also make new major swing lows, then my modified Dow Theory would confirm a major new bear market. At that stage, my only wave count would be the bear wave count.
The lows below are from October 2014. These lows were the last secondary correction within the primary trend which was the bull market from 2009.
These lows must be breached by a daily close below each point.
DJIA: 15,855.12 – close below on 25th August 2015.
DJT: 7,700.49 – close below on 24th August 2015.
Russell 2000: 1,343.51 – close below on 25th August 2015.
To the upside, DJIA has made a new major swing high above its prior major high of 3rd November, 2015, at 17,977.85. But DJT has so far failed to confirm because it has not yet made a new major swing high above its prior swing high of 20th November, 2015, at 8,358.20. Dow Theory has therefore not yet confirmed a new bull market. Neither the S&P500, Russell 2000 nor Nasdaq have made new major swing highs.
This analysis is published @ 09:31 p.m. EST.