Yearly Archives: 2011

Gold Elliott Wave Technical Analysis – 4th September, 2011 – PDF Report

Elliott Wave analysis of Gold is only available to members of Elliott Wave Stock Market.

GOLD Elliott Wave Technical Analysis
GOLD Elliott Wave Technical Analysis

However, if you’re not a member of Elliott Wave Stock Market, you can download the Gold Elliott Wave Technical Analysis PDF report for a one time fee of USD$4.20.

Purchase Analysis:

SOLD OUT

Fibonacci Ratios

There is a great deal of misinformation online about what ratios are correct Fibonacci ratios. Some charting packages have ratios that are not correctly Fibonacci ratios in their Fibonacci tool kits.

So in the interests of clarity and mathematical accuracy, this article will explain what is a Fibonacci ratio and how it is derived.

From a purely mathematical perspective the Fibonacci sequence is “seeded” by 0 and 1 and the subsequent numbers in the sequence by adding the previous two numbers

f_(n+1) = f_n + f_(n-1)

so the sequence is:

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144 …

When talking about Fibonacci ratios we are strictly just talking about the numbers that are *converged* on when you divide a number by its predecessor (or its predecessor’s predecessor, i.e. its predecessor two back etc). Or, conversely, we can do the reverse (which results in the inverse number) and divide by a number’s successor (or its successor two forward etc). This results in the two ratio sequences:

 

  a number divided by its
  successor predecessor
1st   0.618 1.618
2nd 0.382 2.618
3rd   0.236 4.236
4th   0.146 6.854
5th   etc etc

Mathmaticians were quite interested in the fact that the 1st ratio 0.618’s inverse was 1+0.618 (also known as the Golden Ratio or Golden Mean). This can be proved by finding the limit of the ratio f_(n+1)/f_n for the Fibonacci sequence when n tends to infinity. i.e. it is no accident, it is due to the recurrance relation f_(n+1) = f_n + f_(n-1).

The important thing to note here is that correct Fibonacci ratios are numbers that are converged upon when one divides one Fibonacci number by another.

Therefore 0.5 is not a Fibonacci ratio although it can be obtained by dividing 2 (the third number in the sequence) by 1 (it’s predecessor). This is not what the number converges upon as one moves up the Fibonacci number sequence. Once you start down this track, you could just as easily divide the third by the fourth and get 0.66666, etc.

0.786 is therefore not a Fibonacci ratio either, although many charting packages include it in their Fibonacci tools. We can obtain 0.786 from the square root of 0.618 but this is not the correct method to find a Fibonacci ratio. 0.786 cannot be obtained by dividing one Fibonacci number in the sequence by another.

3.618 is also not a Fibonacci ratio as it cannot be obtained by dividing one Fibonacci number in the sequence by another. Likewise 1.382 and 1.236 are also not Fibonacci ratios.

Fibonacci ratios cannot be derived by manipulating the above list of correct Fibonacci ratios; by squaring them, finding the square root of, multiplying one by another or otherwise manipulating Fibonacci ratios to find other ratios. Such derived ratios are not correctly Fibonacci ratios. They may still have a use and a place in technical analysis, but they cannot be referred to as Fibonacci ratios.

A big thank you to Alicia Monteith (Phd) for providing mathematical clarity for this article.

 

A Trading Strategy Using Elliott Wave Analysis

Elliott wave analysis is useful in providing the most likely next direction, but often traders may be unsure exactly when to enter and exit based upon analysis.

If the market is predicted to move lower then obviously you would wait for prices to stop falling before buying, or for more aggressive traders they may sell short. If your wave count expects price to move upwards then obviously you would buy. Trying to trade against the main trend is extremely risky. The wave count should tell you what the main trend is.

Invalidation points are the most obvious place to put stops, and targets are the most obvious point at which to take profit. But this does not tell you where to enter a trade or how to add to your position.

In an effort to bridge this gap I offer the following. Please feel free to add your own comments and suggestions.

Basic Elliott Wave Structure - Actionary Waves 2011

Using Elliott wave analysis we want to trade the actionary waves within the basic structure.

Actionary waves are waves which carry price in the direction of the main trend. Within an impulse (or a diagonal) actionary waves are 1, 3 and 5. Within a correction actionary waves are waves A and C.

Using a trend channel about 2 to enter 3 - Elliott Wave 2011

For each actionary wave the method is similar. Draw a trend channel around the prior reactionary wave. When the channel is breached then the next actionary wave should be underway, at that point enter a trade in the direction of the main trend. For the example above we enter a long position to trade the third wave upwards when price moves above the small orange channel containing the second wave zigzag.

When do you exit this trade?

You would calculate a target at which point you could close the trade and take profit. However, targets are not always met. If price falls short of the target how do you know when to get out?

Using a trend channel about 3 to exit - Elliott Wave 2011

Using Elliott’s technique we draw a trend channel about the impulse which here is a third wave. Draw the channel from the highs of 1 to 3, and place a copy on the low of 2. If this does not contain wave 4 then redraw the channel as follows: draw a trend line from the lows of 2 to 4 and place a copy on the high of 1. If neither of these methods work then construct a “best fit” channel which contains as most of the movement as possible.

When the channel is breached in the direction opposite to the main trend in which you are trading then you should exit the trade.

In exactly the same manner you would enter a trade for a fifth wave when you have confirmed that the fourth wave is complete:

Using a trend channel about 4 to enter 5 - Elliott Wave 2011

And you would either take profit at your calculated target if price reaches the target, or you would exit the trade when it is clear that the trend has changed.

Using a trend channel about 5 to exit - Elliott Wave 2011

What wave degree you choose to trade will depend entirely upon what style of trading suits you best. If you don’t like to hold positions overnight or over a weekend then you would trade on hourly charts at wave degrees below minor. If you like to hold trades for weeks or months and don’t like to enter and exit so often you would trade on daily charts wave degrees at minor or intermediate.

Using a trend channel about 5 to exit - Elliott Wave 2011

Using this strategy you would trade this first wave at intermediate degree which may last several weeks to a few months. If your calculated target was reached you may exit about the high. If price fell short of your calculated target you would exit the trade when the channel is breached in the direction opposite to your trade.

How would you add to a longer term position?

Corrections may be used as opportunities to join the trend.

Using a trend channel about 5 to exit - Elliott Wave 2011

In the above diagram you may add to your position in the early stage of the third wave, and again in the early stage of the fifth wave. You can take this idea and move it down one degree; you may also add to your position when each of the lower degree corrections are confirmed complete with their own channel breaches. There would then be several opportunities to add to a position.

Within stock markets the easiest wave degrees to trade would be at least minor, or intermediate. With wave degrees much below this the movements are mostly smaller and brief. However, this concept can work at all wave degrees and for all types of traders. Scalping would work on lower wave degrees, on hourly charts and down to 5 minute. Longer term trading would work best on daily charts at minor degree and intermediate degree, or even above. It depends upon your particular style and risk appetite.

In the diagrams above the structures shown are the simplest possible; impulses and zigzags. However, in reality there is a lot more variation than this, particularly for corrections. Zigzags lend themselves very well indeed to parallel channels, but flat corrections do not. Combinations and double and triple threes also do not lend themselves to trend channels at all. For these structures you draw a channel about the final C wave of the final structure and use this channel to indicate an end to the correction. Some real life examples from the S&P 500 Index are provided below.

Real life examples of third waves.

The holy grail of Elliott wave analysis for traders is a third wave. Third waves are strong and carry price in a clear direction. They’re usually the longest movement within a larger movement so offer the biggest profit opportunity. The best thing about third waves I think is their structure. They can only subdivide into a five wave impulse. This is the easiest structure to analyse and also to trade. Because there is only one structure variation is limited, and so there should be less error in analysis.

Unfortunately within the stock market the best third waves have been downwards for the last few years. At the time of writing this article we have one just ended (mid August 2011). There will be more to come.

SPX500 hourly 2011

In the example above we were looking for the end to a second wave. This second wave is a simple zigzag and so we can draw a trend channel about it. When the channel is breached we have our indication that upwards movement may be the third wave we are expecting. Once we have trend channel confirmation that a third wave is underway we may enter long.

If the wave count is correct and this is a third wave we would want to take profit at the target. In this instance there are three targets, and when price reaches each target we may use our Elliott wave analysis to see if the wave is likely to be over, or not.

SPX500 hourly 2011

In that particular instance price reached a little above the first target. We had recalculated the target, but a trend channel breach and invalidation point told us when the third wave was over two weeks later.

Sometimes the market is unclear and we have more than one wave count. When all the possibilities except one remain, when all the wave counts but one are invalidated, then we can have more confidence in our analysis.

In the following example the third wave is downwards. Up to the point where price moved below 1,258.07 we had an alternate bullish wave count. When price moved below 1,258.07 we had only one wave count and a target at 1,190.75 for the third wave to end.

SPX500 daily 2nd Aug, 2011

Once the third wave develops further we can use ratios within it to refine the target for it to end. At each point along the way there will be small bounces and for particularly aggressive traders these may be used as opportunities to join the trend, if the wave structure and technical indicators tell us that the trend is unfinished.

GBPUSD 25th Feb, hourly 2011

In this instance after markets closed for the 8th of August we had our final target calculated and expected it to be reached within the following day or two. We could also draw a trend channel, here not quite Elliott’s technique but a best fit, to tell us when the third wave was over. But in this instance we did not need the trend channel as price ended just above the lower end of our target zone, the perfect place to exit and take profit.

This method does not always work as well as the two examples above show. If the wave count is wrong then price will probably not move in the direction you expect. That is why it is essential to always use stops. If the analysis you are using is more often right than wrong then you should be able to make a profit more often than a loss.

The approach to using Elliott wave analysis to trade markets as outlined here is not by any means the only valid approach. You may find it too cautious, you may find it too risky. Every trader will have their own preferred methods.

In conclusion, the best most profitable and longest lasting traders are the ones who manage the money in their trading accounts most wisely. Even if your wave count correctly predicts direction for the next 2 weeks you can still manage to lose money, if you over leverage and let fear be your guide. Keeping leverage low will allow you to have losses and still survive.

 

Gold Elliott Wave Analysis – 26th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for Gold for 26th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

Gold daily 2011

To see an historic count for Gold please see last analysis here.

Last analysis of gold expected further upwards movement towards a target of 1,532.09 to 1,535.98. Gold has moved higher and is today within this target zone with a high at 1,532.22.

Within blue wave 5 upwards of black wave 5 to end primary wave 3, this wave count sees gold within a minute (pink) fourth wave correction.

Wave 4 pink is unfolding as a zigzag.

When it is complete then gold will be due to make new highs (most likely) in a final fifth wave upwards to end primary wave 3.

At 1,629.43 intermediate (black) wave 5 will reach 1.618 the length of black wave 3.

Gold -4 hourly 2011

For fibonacci ratio analysis up to and including wave 3 purple within wave B green of wave 4 pink please see last analysis here.

Wave B green has corrected exactly 61.8% of wave A green.

Within wave B green wave C orange is 3.76 short of equality with wave A green.

Ratios within wave C orange are: wave 3 purple is 2.54 longer than equality with wave 1 purple, and wave 5 purple is just 0.16 short of equality with wave 1 purple.

Wave C green is most likely to take price below 1,462.27 which is the low labeled A green to avoid a truncation.

At 1,462.30 wave C green will reach 0.618 the length of wave A green. This is a target for the next wave down to end. **this target has been edited from first publication**

Wave 4 pink may not move into wave 1 pink price territory. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,444.60.

Any further upwards movement to extend wave B green higher may not move beyond the start of wave A green. This wave count is invalidated with movement above 1,575.41.

Gold hourly 2011

This hourly chart focusses on detail for wave 5 purple of wave C orange of wave B green, movement since last analysis.

Ratios within wave 5 purple are: wave 3 aqua is 1.38 short of 1.618 the length of wave 1 aqua, and wave 5 aqua is 0.72 short of equality with wave 1 aqua.

Ratios within wave 3 aqua within wave 5 purple are: wave 3 red is 0.91 longer than 1.618 the length of wave 1 red, and wave 5 red is 0.89 longer than 0.618 the length of wave 3 red.

Ratios within wave 3 red within wave 3 aqua within wave 5 purple are: wave 3 teal is 0.57 short of equality with wave 5 teal, and wave 5 teal is 0.12 longer than 1.618 the length of wave 1 teal.

Within wave 5 purple wave 2 aqua is a shallow correction and wave 4 aqua is a deep correction achieving the guideline of alternation.

Wave 1 aqua is an impulse and wave 5 aqua is an ending diagonal.

If this wave count is correct then gold should move lower in a five wave structure from this point. Movement above 1,532.22 would invalidate this hourly wave count.

S&P 500 20th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for the S&P 500 for 20th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

Because some indices have made new all time highs I am switching over our main and alternate historical counts. This count below will now be our main preferred wave count and it allows for new all time highs in the S&P 500.

Monthly Chart.

S&P 500 monthly 2011

We have had this wave count as an alternate for quite some time now.

This wave count sees the all time high at 1,576.09 as the end of cycle wave 5 to end a super cycle impulsive structure.

The fall down to 666.8 is labeled as a three wave structure; as a three, A-B-C, it has a better fit than labeling it as a five. Within cycle wave A downwards primary wave C is 62 points short of 2.618 the length of primary wave A, an 8% variation, which is acceptable.

Within cycle wave A down primary waves A and C both subdivide nicely into impulses.

When an A wave subdivides into a three wave structure the correction is either a flat or a triangle (or a combination with a flat as the first structure). After the extremely long sustained rise to the all time high at 1,576.09 it would probably not be followed by a triangle, as that may not retrace to a reasonable depth. A flat is more likely and we will keep a possible triangle structure in mind, as it is technically possible.

If cycle wave A down was the first three of a flat correction then the most common type of flat is an expanded flat, which requires B to move beyond the start of wave A, which would see a new all time high for the S&P 500.

A flat correction requires wave B to be at minimum 90% the length of wave A. This gives us a minimum expectation of upwards movement to reach 1,494.16.

The most common maximum length of wave B in relation to wave A of a flat correction is 138% which is achieved at 1,921.62. We would expect a big trend change to occur before this point.

Although cycle wave A was relatively brief for a cycle degree A wave, the minimum expectation for cycle wave duration is about a year and this one was about a year and a half, which is acceptable.

The duration of cycle wave B is what we would expect so far from a cycle degree wave, about 2 years and still incomplete.

This wave count fits better in terms of duration.

Main Daily Wave Count.

S&P 500 daily 2011

This daily chart shows all of primary wave C to end cycle wave B zigzag. The wave degrees have all been moved up one from our last wave count.

Despite the slightly odd look of wave 3 black this wave count has a higher probability than the alternate below.

Wave 3 black is just 5.42 points short of 2.618 the length of wave 1 black.

Ratios within wave 3 black are: wave 3 blue has no fibonacci ratio to wave 1 blue and wave 5 blue is just 2.61 short of 0.382 the length of wave 1 blue.

Wave 3 black is longer than wave 1 black and so wave 5 black is not limited.

Wave 3 blue within wave 5 black is developing as an extension.

The trend channel is drawn using Elliott’s technique and contains this upwards movement very well. The first trend line is drawn from the highs of 1 to 3 black and a parallel copy is placed upon the low of 2 black. Wave 4 black has an overshoot of the channel, wave 2 blue within wave 5 black ends perfectly on the lower trend line, and wave 2 pink has a small overshoot.

Until wave 5 black has a complete five wave structure we may expect this channel to contain upwards movement.

Main Hourly Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

When we see this recent downwards zigzag as a minute (pink) degree wave then the size and duration makes more sense than our previous wave count which saw it as a sub-minute degree wave.

Price has found strong resistance close to the upper edge of the parallel channel containing wave 2 pink. We may expect the next wave upwards, a third wave, to have enough momentum to take price out of the channel.

Within wave 3 pink upwards wave 1 orange is a complete impulse and wave 2 orange is a complete zigzag. Within wave 2 orange there is no fibonacci ratio between waves A and C purple.

When markets open on Monday wave 2 purple is most likely to move a little lower to complete a zigzag.

Wave 2 purple may not move beyond the start of wave 1 purple. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,330.67.

Wave 3 purple should take price above and outside the wide orange parallel channel containing wave 3 pink.

At 1,394.39 wave 3 pink will reach equality with wave 1 pink.

When we have a full hourly candlestick above the parallel channel here on the hourly chart then we shall have confirmation of a trend change at pink degree. Until that time we must allow for the possibility of new lows.

Hourly Alternate Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly alternate 2011

It is possible that the second wave correction which unfolded during Friday’s session is not yet over. It may extend further lower as a double zigzag, or sideways as a double combination.

The upwards wave labeled wave A aqua is a very clear five wave impulse on the 5 minute chart, and wave X purple cannot be over there. We would require a little downwards movement to complete a corrective structure for wave B aqua and then another five up to complete wave C aqua. Thereafter, we may see another corrective structure complete a double for wave 2 orange. This may take price lower.

Wave 2 orange may not move beyond the start of wave 1 orange. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,318.51.

Alternate Daily Wave Count.

S&P 500 daily alternate 2011

There is another way to label the subdivisions within primary wave C within cycle wave B upwards.

Wave 3 black may not yet be over.

The subdivisions within wave 3 black have a better look with this wave count, but the trend channel drawn using Elliott’s technique does not fit at all. The trend channel I have drawn here is not Elliott’s technique, but it is an excellent fit.

The final fifth wave at blue degree to end wave 3 black for this wave count is an incomplete structure. This wave count requires further upwards movement.

The duration of a sub-minute (green) wave 2 showing up on the daily chart as big as it does also does not have the right look.

More importantly, wave 3 blue here is 16.18 points shorter than wave 1 blue. This limits wave 5 blue to no longer than equality with wave 3 blue, and as it is developing an extension this seems unlikely. The maximum limit for wave 5 blue to reach equality with wave 3 blue is at 1,420.09. There does not seem to be enough room for upwards movement to complete a satisfactory five wave structure for wave 5 blue.

 

S&P 500 19th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for the S&P 500 for 19th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

I have a few members who are colour blind and in response to their requests to make the labels on the charts more readable I have altered the labels’ font size and made each degree of labeling alternate from oblique to regular font styles. To view the new wave notation table (version 2) go here. Please let me know if the new wave notation makes it easier for you to read the labels on the charts, whether you’re colour blind or not.

S&P 500 daily 2011

As expected the S&P 500 moved higher during Thursday’s session.

Because the last downwards wave moved into wave 1 pink price territory this may not be wave 4 pink. Wave 3 pink must be developing as an extended wave. We may expect momentum to increase as we move towards the middle of this third wave.

Corrections within this upwards wave may find strong support at the lower end of this trend channel on the daily chart.

It is possible that this third wave may break through the mid line and move into the upper half of the channel.

Targets remain the same. At 1,553.42 wave 5 blue will reach equality with wave 3 blue. At 1,564.02 wave C black will reach equality with wave A black. This is our long held target zone for upwards movement to end.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

Upwards movement is finding some resistance close to the upper edge of the trend channel here on the hourly chart.

We have the first completed five wave structure upwards now on the hourly chart with a very brief and shallow second wave correction to follow it.

Ratios within wave 1 purple are: wave 3 aqua is 1.39 points short of 1.618 the length of wave 1 aqua and wave 5 aqua is just 0.52 short of wave 1 aqua.

The following upward movement labeled 1 aqua is an impulse on the 15 minute chart and so this may be wave 1 aqua of wave 3 purple. It cannot be a B wave of a flat correction.

Any further downwards movement of wave 2 aqua may not move beyond the start of wave 1 aqua. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,336.36.

The short to mid term target for wave 3 green remains the same. At 1,392.77 it will reach 1.618 the length of wave 1 green.

S&P 500 18th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for the S&P 500 for 18th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

S&P 500 daily 2011

The S&P 500 has behaved exactly as expected during Wednesday’s session. We should expect this upwards trend to continue towards the targets here on the daily chart.

Because the last downwards wave moved into wave 1 pink price territory this may not be wave 4 pink. Wave 3 pink must be developing as an extended wave. We may expect momentum to increase as we move towards the middle of this third wave.

Corrections within this upwards wave may find strong support at the lower end of this trend channel on the daily chart.

It is possible that this third wave may break through the mid line and move into the upper half of the channel.

Targets remain the same. At 1,553.42 wave 5 blue will reach equality with wave 3 blue. At 1,564.02 wave C black will reach equality with wave A black. This is our long held target zone for upwards movement to end.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

We have just the one hourly wave count today. As upwards movement develops further there will be alternate wave counts but at this early stage we should only need one.

Upwards movement is clearly impulsive compared to prior downwards movement which is more choppy and overlapping. Wave behaviour supports this wave count.

Movement above the orange trend channel would provide strong confirmation of this wave count.

Wave 3 aqua has no fibonacci ratio to wave 1 aqua. It is more likely then that wave 5 aqua will exhibit a ratio to either of 1 or 3 aqua. At 1,348.91 wave 5 aqua will reach equality with wave 1 aqua. About this point we may see a small second wave correction, before price continues higher.

At 1,392.77 wave 3 green will reach 1.618 the length of wave 1 green.

The upcoming second wave correction may not move beyond the start of wave 1. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,318.51.

S&P 500 17th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for the S&P 500 for 17th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

S&P 500 daily 2011

Downwards movement for Monday’s session invalidated the main hourly wave count and confirmed the alternate. This zigzag for wave 2 green has extended lower and now has a small overshoot of the parallel channel containing wave C black upwards. An overshoot is acceptable but a channel breach is not.

Technically wave 2 green may move down to the start of wave 1 green at 1,294.70 but not below. Movement below 1,294.70 would provide strong evidence of a trend change at primary degree.

The structure for wave 5 blue is incomplete. Wave 5 must subdivide into a five wave structure, either an ending diagonal or an impulse. At this stage it looks like only four and requires at least one more wave upwards to complete a five wave structure. It is barely possible that the final fifth wave was truncated but I do have an alternate today for this idea.

Targets remain the same. Wave 5 blue has an extended third wave at pink degree within it. At 1,553.42 wave 5 blue will reach equality with wave 3 blue. At 1,564.02 wave C black will reach equality with wave A black. This is our long held target zone for upwards movement to end.

Main Hourly Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

Further downwards movement was expected yesterday to be highly unlikely; the alternate wave count had a very low probability. The problem with low probability occurrences is that they do occur. We always expect the most common outcome but that does not mean we will always get it.

Further downwards movement has lengthened wave C orange. It is now just a bare 0.48 points short of equality with wave A orange.

Ratios within wave C orange are: wave 3 purple has no ratio to wave 1 purple and wave 5 purple is just 0.87 short of 0.382 the length of wave 3 purple.

Ratios within wave 3 purple within wave C orange are: wave 3 aqua is 1.7 points short of equality with wave 5 aqua and wave 5 aqua is 2.32 points short of 4.236 the length of wave 1 aqua.

Ratios within wave 3 aqua within wave 3 purple within wave C orange are: wave 3 red is 1.85 points short of 2.618 the length of wave 1 red and wave 5 red is just 0.09 points short of 0.618 the length of wave 3 red.

Movement above 1,336.36 would provide some confirmation of this wave count as that is where the alternate is invalidated. Further upwards movement above the orange parallel channel would provide trend channel confirmation of a trend change.

If this wave count is confirmed we should expect upwards movement to continue towards 1,392.77 where wave 3 green will reach 1.618 the length of wave 1 green.

Alternate Hourly Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

It remains possible that wave C orange is incomplete. While price remains below 1,336.36 this wave count will remain valid.

Wave C orange will reach equality with wave A orange at 1,318.03. This target allows for a very slightly lower low before this trend is over.

Within wave C orange wave 3 purple has no fibonacci ratio to wave 1 purple and at 1,314.92 wave 5 purple would reach 0.618 the length of wave 1 purple.

This target zone would allow for another daily candlestick to overshoot the trend channel on the daily chart before price turns back upwards into the channel for the next wave up. This would be acceptable, as long as we do not see a full candlestick outside the channel.

Ratios within wave 1 purple of wave C orange are: wave 3 aqua has no fibonacci ratio to wave 1 aqua and wave 5 aqua is just 0.36 short of 0.618 the length of wave 1 aqua.

Within wave 2 purple expanded flat correction wave B aqua is a 165% correction of wave A aqua and wave C aqua is 1.51 points longer than 2.618 the length of wave A aqua.

Ratios within wave 3 purple are: wave 3 aqua is 1.12 points longer than equality with wave 1 aqua and wave 5 aqua is 0.49 short of 0.618 the length of wave 1 aqua.

Wave 4 purple is an incomplete zigzag and requires a little further upwards movement. When that is done this wave count expects a final downwards fifth wave to end this structure.

Wave 4 purple may not move into wave 1 purple price territory. This wave count is invalidated with movement above 1,336.36.

Alternate Daily Wave Count.

S&P 500 daily 2011

With the small overshoot of the parallel channel on the daily chart this possibility is one we may want to consider.

It is barely possible that wave 5 blue was over as an ending contracting diagonal with a truncated fifth wave.

It seems very difficult to see waves 1 and 3 pink as zigzags. If they were we would expect them to have a strong three wave look, like the zigzag labeled 5 pink. They do not and are very easily counted as impulses.

If price moves below 1,294.70 our main wave count will be invalidated and we would have a strong trend channel breach on the daily chart. At that stage we may be fairly confident that primary wave 3 may be underway.

Movement above 1,359.44, the end of wave 5 pink, would invalidate this wave count. No second wave correction may move beyond the start of the first wave.

S&P 500 16th May, 2011

Elliott Wave chart analysis for the S&P 500 for 16th May, 2011. Please click on the charts below to enlarge.

S&P 500 daily 2011

We have seen a little further downwards movement which has invalidated two of our three hourly wave counts.

We expected any further downwards movement for this second wave correction to find support at the lower end of the parallel channel here on the daily chart. Wave 2 green is almost touching this trend line and so may be over here. A third wave of a third wave should begin from this point.

Wave 5 blue has an extended third wave at pink degree within it. At 1,553.42 wave 5 blue will reach equality with wave 3 blue. At 1,564.02 wave C black will reach equality with wave A black. This is our long held target zone for upwards movement to end.

Any further downwards movement for wave 2 green is highly unlikely, but if it did move downwards, wave 2 green may not move beyond the start of wave 1 green. This wave count is invalidated with movement below 1,294.70.

Primary wave 2 may not move beyond the start of primary wave 1. This wave count is invalidated with movement above 1,576.09.

Main Hourly Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

I have reanalysed wave C orange downwards. Each subwave may be seen as a zigzag and so this may be an ending contracting diagonal which was over during Monday’s session.

Wave 3 purple of the diagonal on the hourly chart looks like a five wave impulse but when seen on the 15 minute chart it has a corrective count of 7. I expect it was most likely a zigzag.

Within wave 2 green zigzag there is no ratio between waves A and C orange.

There is nice alternation between waves A and C: wave A orange was an impulse and wave C a diagonal.

Within wave C orange ending diagonal wave 2 purple is a 69% correction of wave 1 purple and wave 4 purple was a 62% correction of wave 1 purple. Wave 5 purple has overshot the 1-3 trend line which is exactly what we should expect to see for an ending diagonal.

At 1,450.94 wave 3 green will reach 1.618 the length of wave 1 green. This target may be reached in a week or two.

For the first time in about 2 weeks I am confident in saying that there is a very high probability that this correction is finally over. All subdivisions are complete, structures look typical, and price may have found strong support at the lower trend line on the daily chart. If it does move any lower it may not be by much at all as the trend line is very close.

Price movement above 1,359.44 will give us added confidence in this wave count. At that stage the alternate below will be invalidated.

I present the alternate below as an outlier which we must consider. I expect it has a very low probability.

Alternate Hourly Wave Count.

S&P 500 hourly 2011

If we simply move the degree of labeling within the more recent downwards movement for wave C orange down one degree then we may have only seen wave 1 leading contracting diagonal within wave C orange.

Wave 2 purple may not move beyond the start of wave 1 purple. This wave count is invalidated with movement above 1,359.44.

This wave count has a very low probability primarily because it requires movement outside the parallel channel containing wave C black impulse upwards on the daily chart. While wave C black is still in progress we expect price to be well contained within this trend channel.